2.2.2. Statement of function
The function of the text consisting of the two components – ideational and interpersonal – may be summed up in the following way: the addresser’s intention is
a to inform the addressees of measures to guarantee their investment activities in Vietnam, i.e. to establish rights, though sometimes obligations, on the part of the
addressees and obligations and commitments on the part of the Vietnamese government, as well as to establish guarantees for other issues related to investment
activities; b to be as authoritative as possible, giving the addressees no chance to protest by setting forth rules that are both precise and inclusive and by being direct.
This summary statement of the text’s function has been derived by an examination of the ways in which the dimensions are marked in this text, and the
manner in which they contribute to the two functional components:
On the dimension Medium, the written to be read mode supports the ideational
component of the text’s function by facilitating a condensed, uninterrupted and premeditated flow unimpeded by any direct presence of the addressees in the act of
On the dimension Participation, the lack of addressee participation, i.e., the
absence of direct addressee involvement, supports the ideational component by making for a linear, non-alternating and premeditated organization of the message.
The unfrequent appearance of nouns and pronouns referring to the addresser makes the statements more factual. Thus the addresser becomes more impersonal and
On the dimension Social Role Relationship, the impersonality and
authoritativeness of the relationship reinforce the ideational component by promoting a transmission of rights and obligations and rules as facts disregarding the political
circumstances of addresser and addressee. The same linguistic devices that create the impersonality also support the interpersonal component of the text, e.g. intentional
specification of an agent or a recipient or use of verbs to express the Deontic modality.
On the dimension Social Attitude, there is a frequency of complex, abstract
noun phrases and impersonal structures, and an exclusive presence of complete, well- planned and well-structured sentences. These provide for an efficiently condensed
and objective flow of the message, which supports the ideational component of the text’s function.
On the dimension Province, the ideational component of the text’s function is
strongly supported by the use of a highly conventionalized and institutionalized textual format, strong textual coherence the use of words and phrases typical of the
legal field, and the use of unmarked verb tense.
CHAPTER 3. DISCUSSION
3.1. Comparison of Target Text and Source Text