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Appendix E. Microblogging HTML Semantic Profile

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REQUIRED and all of the SHOULD level requirements, is said to be “unconditionally

compliant.” One that satisfies all of the MUST level requirements but not all the

SHOULD level requirements is said to be “conditionally compliant.”

The key words “MUST”, “MUST NOT”, “REQUIRED”, “SHALL”, “SHALL NOT”,

“SHOULD”, “SHOULD NOT”, “RECOMMENDED”, “MAY”, and “OPTIONAL” in

this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.



Design Characteristics

Base Format

HTML

Domain Semantics

Specific (via Semantic Profile)

State Transfer

Ad hoc (via HTML FORMs)

Application Flow

Applied (via Semantic Profile)

H-Factors

LO, LE, LT, LN, CM, CL



Additional Constraints

• All resource representations MUST be valid HTML documents.

• Servers MAY require clients to support HTTP Authentication (BASIC or DIGEST)

for some requests.

• Servers MAY provide additional markup or features not covered in this profile, but

these additions MUST NOT contradict the semantics outlined here.

• Servers MAY supply code-on-demand elements with their resource representations

(JavaScript, CSS, XSLT, etc.), but servers SHOULD NOT assume clients will support them.



Semantic Profile

What follows is a list of HTML attributes and their possible values. Servers SHOULD

send resource representations that contain these values along with appropriate markup

and data. Servers are free to decide which elements are appropriate for each resource

representation. Servers are also free to determine which of the elements below are to

be supported.



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Clients SHOULD be prepared to properly handle all of the attributes and elements

described here. Clients SHOULD also be prepared to provide state transfers (FORMs)

back to the server as indicated. Servers MAY provide additional semantics and clients

MAY support those additional semantics.

The phrase “designated user” means: 1) the currently authenticated (logged-in) user;

2) a user identified via other state information such as cookies; or 3) a user selected by

some other means such as following a link.



Class Attribute Values

The following class values MAY appear within the response representation:

all

Applied to a UL tag. A list representation. When this element is a descendant of

DIV.id="messages” it MAY have one or more LI.class="message” descendant elements. When this element is a descendant of DIV.id="users” it MAY have one or

more LI.class="user” descendant elements.

date-time

Applied to a SPAN tag. Contains the UTC date and time the message was posted.

When present, it SHOULD be valid per RFC 3339.

description

Applied to a SPAN tag. Contains the text description of a user.

friends

Applied to a UL tag. A list representation. When this element is a descendant of

DIV.id="messages” it contains the list of messages posted by the designated user’s

friends and MAY have one or more LI.class="message” descendant elements.

When this element is a descendant of DIV.id="users” it contains the list of users

who are the friends of the designated user and MAY have one or more

LI.class="user” descendant elements.

followers

Applied to a UL tag. A list representation of all of the users from the designated

user’s friends list. MAY have one or more LI.class="user” descendant elements.

me

Applied to a UL tag. When this element is a descendant of DIV.id="messages” it

contains the list of messages posted by the designated user and MAY have one or

more LI.class="message” descendant elements. When this element is a descendant

of DIV.id="users” it SHOULD contain a single descendant LI.class="user” with

the designated user’s profile.



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mentions

Applied to a UL tag. A list representation of all of the messages that mention the

designated user. It MAY contain one or more LI.class="message" descendant elements.

message

Applied to an LI tag. A representation of a single message. It SHOULD contain the

following descendant elements:

SPAN.class="user-text"

A.rel="user"

SPAN.class="message-text"

A.rel="message"

It MAY also contain the following descendant elements:

IMG.class="avatar"

SPAN.class="date-time"

message-post

Applied to a FORM tag. A link template to add a new message to the system by

the designated, or logged-in, user. The element MUST be set to

FORM.method="post" and SHOULD contain a descendant element:

TEXTAREA.name="message"

message-reply

Applied to a FORM tag. A link template to reply to an existing message. The element MUST be set to FORM.method="post" and SHOULD contain the following

descendant elements:

INPUT[hidden].name="user" (the author of the original post)

TEXTAREA.name="message"

single

When this element is a descendant of DIV.id="messages" it contains the message

selected via a message link. SHOULD have a single LI.class="message" descendant

element. When this element is a descendant of DIV.id="users" it contains the user

selected via a user link. SHOULD have a single LI.class="user" descendant element.

messages-search

Applied to a FORM tag. A link template to search all of the messages. The element

MUST be set to FORM.method="get" and SHOULD contain the following descendant elements:

INPUT[text].name="search"

message-text

Applied to a SPAN tag. The text of a message posted by a user.



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search

Applied to a UL tag. A list representation. When this element is a descendant of

DIV.id="messages" it contains a list of messages and MAY have one or more

LI.class="message" descendant elements. When this element is a descendant of

DIV.id="users" it contains a list of users and MAY have one or more LI.class="user"

descendant elements.

shares

Applied to a UL tag. A list representation of all the messages posted by the designated user that were shared by other users. It MAY contain one or more

LI.class="message" descendant elements.

user

Applied to an LI tag. A representation of a single user. It SHOULD contain the

following descendant elements:

SPAN.class="user-text"

A.rel="user"

A.rel="messages"

It MAY also contain the following descendant elements:

SPAN.class="description"

IMG.class="avatar"

A.rel="website"

user-add

Applied to a FORM tag. A link template to create a new user profile. The element

MUST be set to FORM.method="post" and SHOULD contain the following descendant elements:

INPUT[text].name="user"

INPUT[text].name="email"

INPUT[password].name="password"

It MAY also contain the following descendant elements:

TEXTAREA.name="description"

INPUT[file].name="avatar"

INPUT[text].name="website"

user-follow

Applied to a FORM tag. A link template to add a user to the designated user’s

friend list. The element MUST be set to FORM.method="post" and SHOULD

contain the descendant element:

INPUT[text].name="user"

avatar

Applied to an IMG tag. A reference to an image of the designated user.



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user-text

Applied to a SPAN tag. The user nickname text.

user-update

Applied to a FORM tag. A link template to update the designated user’s profile.

The element MUST be set to FORM.method="post" and SHOULD contain the

following descendant elements:

INPUT[hidden].name="user"

INPUT[hidden].name="email"

INPUT[password].name="password"

It MAY also contain the following descendant elements:

TEXTAREA.name="description"

INPUT[file].name="avatar"

INPUT[text].name="website"

users-search

Applied to a FORM tag. A link template to search all of the users. The element

MUST be set to FORM.method="get" and SHOULD contain the descendant element:

INPUT[text].name="search"



ID Attribute Values

The following id values SHOULD appear within response representations:

messages

Applied to a DIV tag. The list of messages in this representation. MAY have one

or more of the following descendant elements:

UL.class="all"

UL.class="friends"

UL.class="me"

UL.class="mentions"

UL.class="search"

UL.class="shares"

UL.class="single"

queries

Applied to a DIV tag. The list of valid queries in this representation. MAY have

one or more FORM and/or A descendant elements (see “rel” and “class” section

for details).

users

Applied to a DIV tag. The list of users in this representation. MAY have one or

more of the following descendant elements:



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UL.class="all"

UL.class="friends"

UL.class="followers"

UL.class="me"

UL.class="search"

UL.class="single"



Name Attribute Values

The following name values MAY appear within response representations:

description

Applied to a TEXTAREA element. The description of the user.

email

Applied to an INPUT[text] or INPUT[hidden] element. The email address of a

user. When supplied, it SHOULD be valid per RFC 5322.

message

Applied to a TEXTAREA element. The message to post (for the designated user).

name

Applied to an INPUT[text] element. The full name of a user.

password

Applied to an INPUT[password] element. The password of the user login.

search

Applied to an INPUT[text]. The search value to use when searching messages

(when applied to FORM.class="message-search") or when searching users (when

applied to FORM.class="users-search").

user

Applied to an INPUT[text] or INPUT[hidden] element. The public nickname of a

user.

avatar

Applied to an INPUT[file] element. The image for the user.

website

Applied to an INPUT[text]. The URL of a website associated with the user profile.

When supplied, it SHOULD be valid per RFC 3986.



Rel Attribute Values

The following rel values MAY appear within response representations.

first

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the first page in a list of data (messages, users).



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index

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the starting URI for the application.

last

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the last page in a list of data (messages, users).

message

Applied to an A tag. A reference to a message representation.

message-post

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the message-post FORM.

message-reply

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the message-reply FORM.

message-share

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the message-share FORM.

messages-all

Applied to an A tag. A reference to a list representation of all the messages in the

system.

messages-friends

Applied to an A tag. A reference to a list representation of all the messages from

the designated user’s friends list.

messages-me

Applied to an A tag. A reference to a list representation of all the messages posted

by the designated user.

messages-mentions

Applied to an A tag. A reference to a list representation of all the messages that

mention the designated user.

messages-shares

Applied to an A tag. A reference to a list representation of all the messages posted

by the designated user that were shared by other users.

messages-search

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the messages-search FORM.

next

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the next page in a list of data (messages, users).

previous

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the previous page in a list of data (messages,

users).

self

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the currently loaded resource representation.

user

Applied to an A tag. A reference to a user representation.



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user-add

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the user-add FORM.

user-follow

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the user-follow FORM.

user-me

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the designated user’s representation.

user-update

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the user-update FORM.

users-all

Applied to an A tag. A reference to a list representation of all the users in the system.

users-friends

Applied to an A tag. A reference to list representation of the designated user’s friend

users.

users-followers

Applied to an A tag. A reference to list representation of the users who follow the

designated user.

users-search

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the users-search FORM.

website

Applied to an A tag. A reference to the website associated with a user.



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APPENDIX F



IANA Media Type Registration

Document



Below is a completed Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) media type registration document. This is the result of registering a media type using the IANA’s “Application for Media Types” online form (found at http://www.iana.org/cgi-bin/medi

atypes.pl). This results in the official registration of the application/vnd.amundsen.maze

+xml media type.

The most recent version of this document can be found online at http://www.iana.org/

assignments/media-types/application/vnd.amundsen.maze+xml.

(last updated 2011-02-01)

Name : Mike Amundsen

Email : mca&amundsen.com

MIME media type name : Application

MIME subtype name : Vendor Tree - vnd.amundsen.maze+xml

Required parameters : none

Optional parameters :

charset

This parameter has identical semantics to the charset parameter of

the "application/xml" media type as specified in RFC 3023.

Encoding considerations : binary

Same as encoding considerations of application/xml as specified in RFC 3023.

Security considerations :

Maze+XML shares security issues common to all XML content types. It does

not provide executable content. Information contained in Maze+XML

documents do not require privacy or integrity services.



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Interoperability considerations :

Maze+XML is not described by a DTD and applies only the well-formedness

rules of XML. It should only be parsed by a non-validating parser.

Published specification :

http://amundsen.com/media-types/maze/

Applications which use this media :

Various

Additional information :

1.

2.

3.

4.



Magic number(s) : none

File extension(s) : .xml

Macintosh file type code : TEXT

Object Identifiers: none



Person to contact for further information :

1. Name : Mike Amundsen

2. Email : mca&amunndsen.com

Intended usage : Common

The Maze+XML media type is an XML data format for sharing maze state

information between clients and servers. It can be used to implement

simple mazes, adventure games, and other related data.

Author/Change controller : Mike Amundsen

(file created 2011-02-01)



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