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Understanding the complexities associated with the chemical analysis of ciguatoxins, Sam Murray [et al.]

Understanding the complexities associated with the chemical analysis of ciguatoxins, Sam Murray [et al.]

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I1/ Women in Marine Sciences in

the Indo-Pacific


A Climate for Change

Gretta Pecl


∗ 1,2

Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS) – Private Bag 49 Hobart TAS 7001, Australia


Centre for Marine Socioecology (CMS) – Private Bag 49, Hobart, Tasmania, 7001, Australia

Over the years, my research has shifted from examining specific biological and ecological processes toward seeking a more integrated and interdisciplinary socio-ecological understanding of

natural systems. The questions that inspire and drive me have also changed, becoming broader

in nature and more human-focussed. I have also become more interested in the way we collectively conduct science and how to facilitate science being a more inclusive endeavour. In terms

of my research, this interest manifests via the development and application of citizen science approaches for engagement and monitoring, and in constructing international networks to address

scientific questions I believe are important. Inquisitiveness about the way we conduct science

has also led to long-standing interest in equity and diversity in science, in actively supporting

diverse and flexible career pathways, and in encouraging peer, institute, and community-level

discussions about these topics. Whilst women and other minorities are well represented at early

career stages, numbers still plummet at professorial levels and there is no simple, quick fix,

one-size-fits-all solution to this problem. Although policy change is ultimately required, there

are constructive approaches that we can all take to raise the profile of these challenges, support

our peers, and improve our local networks. Here, I briefly highlight some challenges of my own

chequered career, concentrating on the strategies I think have helped ensure gainful employment

(......most of the time), and on how the support I have been grateful to receive has ultimately

helped me have a successful career path. The transition from post-doc to mid-career scientist is

a particularly treacherous one for many scientists, and so some aspects I discuss may be relevant

regardless of gender. Marine science can be a hyper-competitive and stressful career, but it can

also be an amazing journey where we can play a role in discovering the unknown, exploring

the world, working with amazing people, and applying scientific knowledge to improve circumstances and outcomes of natural systems. Openly sharing the twists and turns of our various

career paths and providing opportunities to discuss successful strategies can only help improve

retention of our talented scientists and increase diversity in science.



Bridging science and art: The importance of

visually interpreting and communicating


Sofia Jain-Schlaepfer


∗ 1,2

, Mark Mccormick


, Jodie Rummer


ARC Center of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies – James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia


College of Science and Engineering (JCU) – James Cooke University, Townsville, Queensland,


I am a PhD candidate in Marine Biology, but I am also a visual artist. My background in

both scientific research and visual arts defines how I see the world and has lead me to noticing

a critical issue plaguing science today and potential solutions. The issue is the lack of effective

communication between the scientific community and the greater public, policymakers, and regulators, but also within the scientific community, as interdisciplinary research and collaboration

become more and more important. Science communication is a growing field, and there are

many innovative scientist coming up with effective and creative ways to reach target audiences.

But, I would suggest that visual representation is an underused and highly effective tool that scientists should consider. Humans are highly visual. Studies suggest that 90% of the information

processed by the brain is visual, and visual representations are processed by the brain 600,000

times faster than text alone. Studies have also demonstrated that information represented in

symbols or graphics is retained longer than information from text alone. Just as advertisers

make use of visual media, I would suggest that if we want our science incorporated into policy,

valued by the public, and noticed by peers, we need to add visual representation to our toolkit

and start collaborating with designers and artists.



Encouraging Women Scientists to Support

Marine Research in Indonesia

Ni Kadek Dita Cahyani

∗ 1,2,3


Indonesian Biodiversity Research Center, Bali, Indonesia – Jalan Raya Sesetan Gang Markisa No. 6,

Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia


Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, UCLA – 610 Charles E. Young Dr. East, Los

Angeles, California, 90095, United States


Yayasan Biodiversitas Indonesia (Bionesia), Bali – Jalan Sulatri, Gang XII, No. 4, Denpasar Timur,

Bali, 80237, Indonesia

Ni Kadek Dita Cahyani is originally from Bali, Indonesia. She is interested in marine biodiversity research and currently conducting research to measuring genetic diversity of marine life

in Indonesia using ARMS (Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structure) method. Cahyani believes

that research in marine biodiversity in Indonesia is important due to Indonesia’s significant

as the center of marine biodiversity. Furthermore, anthropogenic stress, global warming, and

overfishing have been threatening this mega biodiversity which requisite more research and biodiversity assessment to support conservation and policy-making. The challenge for Indonesian

marine research is not only the small number of paper published by Indonesian scientist but

also the lack of expertise from Indonesian scientist, particularly in the molecular genetic study.

As a marine researcher, also a woman and a mother, Cahyani wants to encourage more young

scientist especially women to promote Indonesian marine research. At present, there are many

women scientist from Indonesia, and they have been giving an enormous contribution to marine

research in Indonesia. Notwithstanding, they should be acknowledged in a broader scale by

actively engage in international collaboration and share their ideas through conference, seminar

and publishing scientific papers in a global scale. By participating in this conference, Cahyani

wants to share her experience of being a women scientist from Indonesia. She aspires to meet

the leading scientist from around the world and open the opportunity for future research collaboration and educational program in marine science in Indonesia.



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Understanding the complexities associated with the chemical analysis of ciguatoxins, Sam Murray [et al.]

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