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Phần thứ năm BẢO VỆ QUYỂN SỞ Hửu TRÍ TUỆ

Phần thứ năm BẢO VỆ QUYỂN SỞ Hửu TRÍ TUỆ

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KEY ISSUES IN THE LAW ON

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY



249



IN T R O D U C T IO N

To dissem inate the m ain contents o f enacted im portant

codes and ỉauis, such as the Civil Code, the Law on Investment,

the Laiv on Inteỉlectual Property a n d the L aw on Enterprise

to the business com m unity, Vietnamese a n d foreign read'

ers, the Ju d ìcia l P ublishing House, in coordination with

the International Law D epartment, the M inistry o fJu stice,

pubỉishes some books in both Vietnamese a n d E nglish to

introduce the code a n d law s sa id above.

It is our hope that the publicatìons o f the Judicial Publishing House iviỉl be useful for those dom estic a n d (oreign

individuaỉs a n d organũations w ko are interested in learning about the Vietnamese laivs. Vỉe also hope that these books

w ill contribute to ensuring transparency o f the Vietnamese

legal system ■ one o f the requirem ents fo r this country to

become a m em ber o f the World Trade O rganixation CWTO).

We, therefore, have the honor to introduce this book to

readers!

A p r iỉ 2007

T H E JU D IC IA L P U B L ISH IN G HO U SE

251



4 . .



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I



ị 1

i



P art one

IN T R O D U C T IO N T O T H E LAW ON

IN T E L L E C T U A L P R O P E R T Y



253



Part one. Introduction to the Law on Intellectual Property



I.



STRU CTU RE 0 F



THE LAW ON IN TELLEC TU A L



PR O PER TY



The Law on Intellectual Property w as passed by the XI

L egislature of the N ational Assembly at its 8th Session on

29 November 2006: and comes into effect on 01 Ju ly 2006.

The Law comprises ổ Parts, 18 Chapters a n d 222 Articles

as follows:

P a r t one: G e n e ra l p ro vision s, comprising 12 Articles

(Articles 1 ■ 12).

P a r t tw
comprising of 6 C hapters (Chapters I - VI) and 45 Articles

(Articles 13 • 57).

C h a p ter I ■ C o n d itio n s fo r p r o te c tio n o f c o p y rig h ts

a n d C opyright • r e la te d rig h ts , comprising of ỗ Articỉes

(Articles 13 - 17).

C h a p te r / / - C o n te n ts, lim ita tio n s a n d tỉm e lim its

for p r o te c tio n o f c o p y r ig h ts a n d C opyright - re la te d

r ig h ts , comprising 18 Articles (Articles 18 - 35).

C h a p te r / / / ■ O w n e rs o f c o p y rig h ts a n d C opyright •

r e la t e d rìg h ts, com prising 9 Articles (Articles 36 • 44).

255



Key issues in the Law on Intellectual Property



C h a p te r I V ■ T r a n s f e r o f c o p y r ig h ts a n d co p v rig h tr e la t e d rig h ts , comprising 4 Articles (Articles -15 ■ t8).

C h a p te r V - R c g is tr a tio n c e r tìf ic a te s o f c o p v rig h ts

a n d c o p y r ig h t- r e la te d r ig h ts , com prising 7 Articles

(Articles 49 ■ 55).

C h a p ter VI • R ep resen tativ e, c o n su lta n c y a n d Service

o r g a n i z a t io n s in tho Helds o f c o p y rig h ts a n d Copyright r e la t e d rig h ts, comprising 2 Articles (Articles Õ6 ■57).

P a r t th re e : I n d u s tr ia l p r o p e r ty r ig h t, comprising 5

Chapters (Chapters Vll ■XI) and 99 Ai'ticles (Articles 58 ■156).

C h a p ter V II - C o n đ itio n s for p r o te c tio n o f in d u stria l

p r o p e r ty rig h ts, comprising 28 Articles (Ariícles 58 - 85)

C h a p te r V III • E s ta b lis h m e n t o f in d u s t r i a l p r o p e rty

r ig h ts to in v e n tio n s, in d u s tr ia l d esig n s, la y o u t d esign s,

m a rk s a n d geographical indication. Comprising 35 Articles

(Articles 86 - 120).

C h a p te r IX - Ovvners, c o n te n ts a n d lim ita tio n s of

ỉ n d u s t r i a l p r o p e r t y r i g h t s , co m p risin g 17 A rticles

(Articles 121 - 137).

C h a p te r X - T ra n s f e r o f i n d u s t r ia l p r o p e r t y rig h ts.

com prising 13 Articles (Articles 138 • 150).

C h a p te r X I - I n d u s tr ia l p r o p e r ty r e p r e s e n ta tiv e s ,

com prising 6 Arlicles (Atticles 151 • 156).

256



Part one. Introduction to the Law on Intellectual Property



P a r t í o i u ^ R ig h ts to p la n t v a r ie tie s , com prising 4

C hapters (C hapters XII-XV) and 41 Articles (Articles 157 •

197).

C h a p te r X I I - C o n d itio n s for p r o te c tio n o f r ig h ts to

p la n t v a rie tie s , comprising 7 Articles (Articles 157 • 163).

C h a p te r X II I - E s ta b lis h m e n t o f r ig h ts to p la n t v arie tie s, com prising 21 Articles (Articles 164 • 184).

C h a p te r X JV ■ C o n te n ts a n d lim ita tỉo n s o f r ig h ts to

p la n t v a r ie tie s , comprising 7 Articles (Articles 184 - 191).

C h a p te r X V - T r a n s f e r o f r ìg h ts to p la n t v a r ie tie s ,

comprising 6 Articles (Articles 192 • 197).

P a r t five: P ro te c tio n of in te lle c tu a l p ro p e rty r ig h ts ,

comprising 3 Chapters (Chapters XVI - XVIII) and 22 Articles

(Articles 198 - 219).

C h a p te r X V I • G e n e ra l p ro v is io n s o n p r o te c tio n o f

in te l l e c t u a l p r o p e r t y r ig h ts , com prising 4 A rticles

(Articles 198 - 201).

C h a p te r X V IỈ • H a n d lin g o f v io ỉa tio n s o f in tellectu *

al p r o p e r ty r ỉg h ts b y civil m e a s u re s , com prising 9

Articles (Articles 202 - 210).

C h a p ter X V III • H a n d lín g o f v io la tio n s o f in te lle ctu al p r o p e r ty r ig h ts b y a d m in ìs tr a tiv e a n d c r ím in a l

m e a s u re s ; c o n tro ) o f im p o r t a n d e x p o r t g oods r e la t in g

257



Key issues in the Law on Intellectual Property



to in te ỉle c tu a l p r o p e r ty , com prising 9 A rticles (Articles

211 - 219).

P a r t s ỉ x : Im p le m e n ta tio n p ro v isio n s, comprising 3

Articles (Articles 220 • 222)

II. KEYISSUES IN THE LAW ON IN TELLECTU AL PRO PERTY

1. General issu e s on intellectual property rights



1.1.



Intellectual property and protectíon of intelỉectual property



ríghts



Intellectual property can be understood as achievements

resulting from Creative activities of h u m a n beings in the

process of vvorking, m anuíacturing and conducting business. Intellectual property is created by h u m a n intellect.

This property is invisible b u t very valuable because it is

able to create spiritual and m aterial values, an d bring about

competitive advantages to its owners, possessors or users.

Intellectual property rights are recognized and protected

by law. Intellectual property rights are the rig h ts of organizations, indìviduals to their intellectual property, including

copyrights and C o p y r i g h t • related rights, inđustrial pr0Ị>erty

rights and rights to p la n t varieties.

Protection of intellectual property rig hts m eans th a t

the law provides for and ensures conditions for right holders

to carry out their rights, an d a t th e sam e tim e prevents

258



Part one. Introduction to the Law on Intellectual Property



and handles anv act using such rights by a third party without

permission from th e right holders, The effective protection

of íntellectual propertv rights shall encourage Creative

activities an d enhance living standards.

1.2.



Objects o f intellectual property rights and bases o f



appearance an d establishm ent o f intellectual property rights



Objects of intellectual property rights are works created in th e course of working, producing and conducting

business of h u m an beings. According to Article 3 of the

Law on Intellectual Property, objects of intellectual prope r t y rig h ts include copyrights. Copyright - re la te d rights;



and industrial property rights; rights to plant varieties.

These are as follows:

• Copyrights are the rights of organizations, individuals

to works createđ or owned by them. Objects of copyrights

are literary, artistic an d scientific works;

• Copyright ■ related rights are the rig hts of organizations, ìndiviUuals to performances, phonograms, broadcasting program s, and satellite signals carrying encrypted

program . O bjects of Copyright - related rig h ts are performances, phonograms, broadcasting programs, and satellite

signals carrying encrypted program;



ỉndustrial property rights are the rights of organizations,

individuals to inventions; inđustrial designs; layout-desígns

259



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