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B. Change into passive voice

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2.Farmers milk cows twice a day.

3 This well known library attracts many people.

4. John hasn’t finished his homework.

5.Mary has operated Tom since 10’oclock.

6.The modern inventions have replaced the work of women at home

7.They send her abroad on business.

8.The local residents have just celebrated heir traditional festival.

9.His wife usually bring him sandwiches at lunch time

10. Have you seen Phillip lately?

11The policeman haven’t found the murder yet.

12.Mr speed ditacts 3 letters to Ann.

13.My brother has sent me this interesting book.

14.Everyone believes him right.

15.Have you seen any good films so far.?

16.All the students choose him the monitors



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WH question (WH _WORD)

what : cái gì

when : khi nào

why : tại sao

what time : mấy giờ

where : ở đâu

how : như thế nào = what .....like

who ai

how far

how long bao lâu

how many : bao nhiêu/ how much

whose

how often : mấy lần



a bag, somthing

in ...time ( in 1999,....)

because

it is 7 am

in Viet nam

I am tall, She is beautiful

Lan, John

about two hundred years.

for + Time ( for a week , a month...)

forty pupile

Lan’s , John’s

once, twice a day



WH – WORD- + BE + SUBJECT + COMLEMENT?

Ex: Where is she now?

what are they doing ?

why was Tom late?

who are you ?



WH – WORD- + WILL,/ CAN/ COULD/ .... + SUBJECT + MAIN

VERB?

Ex: WHen will you leave?

why must he go ?

what can I do for you ?



WH – WORD- + DID/ DO/ DOES.... + SUBJECT + MAIN VERB?

EX: HOW DO YOU SPELL YOUR NAME

WHAT DID YOU WANT ?

HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN TO LONDON?

........................................................



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BECAUSE IT IS EXCITING ?

..................................................

IN NHA BANG DISTRICT

...............................................

DIEU’S



Exercise 1: Use a relative pronoun (WHO, WHOM, WHICH, or THAT) to combine these pairs of sentences.

commas when necessary.

1. I bought a cell phone. I can use it to send and receive e-mail.

 ...................................................................................................................................................................................



2. Now, there are psychologists. They help ss use technology.

 ...................................................................................................................................................................................



3. A lot of people suffer from techno stress. Those people work in my office.

 ............................................................................................................................................................................



4. Some people dream of a job. They can do the job without technology.

 ............................................................................................................................................................................



5. My stereo doesn’t work today. It worked yesterday.

 ............................................................................................................................................................................



6. The man is a computer expert. You are talking to him.

 ............................................................................................................................................................................



7. Some documents have been found. They were stolen from a car.

 ............................................................................................................................................................................



8. Dr. Michelle Weil wrote a book about “techno trees”. She is a psychologist.

 ............................................................................................................................................................................



9. He works for a computer magazine. The magazine is very popular in Mexico.

 ............................................................................................................................................................................



10. Marta has a brother. Her brother’s name is Manuel.

 ............................................................................................................................................................................



11. Do you know the man? They are talking about him.





............................................................................................................................................................................



12. This subject is very important. We are going to discuss it.





............................................................................................................................................................................



13. Mr. Brown is coming today. He teaches me French.





............................................................................................................................................................................



41



Use



14. Tom loves his parents’ house. He was born in that house.

............................................................................................................................................................................







15. Do you remember the year? The Second World War ended in that year.





............................................................................................................................................................................



16. The girl chatted with him yesterday. She arrived here at 6:30.

...................................................................................................................................



17. I’m reading a book. I bought it in Sydney in 1996.



...................................................................................................................................

18. The mechanic is an experienced one. I sent for him to repair my motorbike.

...................................................................................................................................

19. Oxford university has many colleges. It’s one of the oldest one in the world.

...................................................................................................................................

20.The police blocked up the road. This caused a traffic jam.

...................................................................................................................................

21.This is Mrs Jones. Her son won the championship last year.



1.



...................................................................................................................................

Mr. Phong is our geography teacher. He has been teaching in our school for ten years.



………………………………………………………………………………………………



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1. John found a cat…………leg was broken.

a. which



b. whom



c. whose



d. who



2. 1945 is the year,……….the revolution took place in this year.

a. when



b. which



c. where



d. why



28. Genghis Khan, _________ name means “very mighty ruler”, was a Mongol emperor in the Middle

Ages.



A. whom

B. whose

C. who

D. how

29. The children _____ sang at the Mayor's parade were from the local school.

A. whose

B. where

C. who

D. whom

30. The school program_______ has been interrupted by revision tests require a regular course study.

A. whose

B. who

C. what

D. that

31. The girl ______ dress you admire has been working for an export company since she left school.

A. who

B. what

C. whose

D. whom

32. The young man ______ was released after the court was found innocent of all the charges against him.

A. who

B. who he

C. which

D. whose

33. Is that the same film ______ we watched last year?

A. when

B. which

C. why

D. who

34. The girl _____ I borrowed the dictionary asked me to use it carefully.

A. whose

B. from whom C. from whose

D. whom

35. The first television picture _________ John Logie Baird transmitted on 25 November, 1905 was a boy

______ worked in the office next to Baird's workroom in London.

A. which / whom

B. who / which

C. that / whose

D. that / who

36. Joyce Bews, ______ was born and grew up in Portsmouth on the south coast of England, _______ she

still lives, was 100 last year.

A. that / in which

B. who / where

C. that / where

D. who / that

37. The pollution ______ they were talking is getting worse.

A. that

B. about which

C. which

D. whom

39. Robert Riva, an Italian ____ used to play for Cremonese, now coaches the Reigate under 11's football

team.

A. when

B. which

C. where

D. who

40. When I was at school, there was a girl in my class ______ skin was so sensitive that she couldn't expose

her skin to the sun even with cream on.

A. where

B. whose

C. whom

D. that



43



41. Unfortunately, the friend with ________ I intended to go on holiday to Side is ill, so I'll have to cancel

my trip.

A. who

B. whom

C. where

D. that

42. The new stadium, ____ will be completed next year, will seat 30,000 spectators.

A. what

B. where

C. when

D. which

43. Blenheim Palace, _____ Churchill was born, is now open to the public.

A. when

B. where

C. which

D. whose



PERIOD 16,17,18



RELATIVE CLAUSES



I/AIM: BY the end of the lesson, ss can be able to review the way to combine two sentences by using

ralative clause

II/Materials



44



III/Procedures:

Time

Contents

15’ .Revision

RELATIVE CLAUSES.

Mệnh đề quan hệ còn được gọi là mệnh đề tính ngữ (adjective clause)

vì nó được dùng để bổ nghĩa cho danh từ đứng trước nó. Mệnh đề này được

nối với mệnh đề chính bởi các đại từ quan hệ Who, Whom, Which, Whose,

That hoặc các phó từ quan hệ như When, Where, Why.

1. Cách dùng:

* Who: Đại từ quan hệ đứng sau danh từ chỉ người, làm chủ ngữ cho

động từ sau nó.

VD: The woman who lives next door is very friendly.

* Whom: Đại từ quan hệ đứng sau danh từ chỉ người, làm tân ngữ cho

động từ sau nó. Có khi người ta dùng Who thay cho Whom.

VD: The man whom you saw yesterday is my uncle.

* Which: Đại từ quan hệ đứng sau danh từ chỉ con vật, đồ vật làm chủ

ngữ hoặc tân ngữ cho động từ sau nó.

VD: The book which has some wonderful pictures is about Africa.

The dog which you gave me is lovely

40’



Complete the sentences, using a relative pronoun.

1. The girl chatted with him yesterday. She arrived here at 6:30.

 The girl who arrived here at 6:30 chatted with him yesterday

2. The man is talking to my father.He spent 15 minutes measuring our kitchen

 The man who spent 15 minutes measuring our kitchen is talking to my father

3. The architect designed these flats. He has moved to HCM City.

 The architect who has moved to HCM City. designed these flats

4. The young man lives in the corner. He rides an expensive motorbike.

 The young man who rides an expensive motorbike lives in the corner

5. I’m reading the book. I bought it in 1996.

 I’m reading the book.which I bought in 1996

6. I will introduce the man to you. He is sharing the flat with me.

. I will introduce the man to you who is………..

7. The young man is talking to our teacher. He is Ba’s brother.

…. The young man who is BA……, is taalking

8. We visited the monument. It was built a hundred years ago.

 We visited the monument which was built………

9. The boys are interested in football. It is a popular game all over the world.

The boy are interested in football which is …………

10. The boy gave his parents big hugs before he left. He went abroad to study.

… The boy who went…… gave his parents big hugs before he left

11. My friends had so much fun at the festival. They wanted to go there again.

. My friends who wanted to go there again.

12. Children like to eat ice-cream. It can cause toothache.

 Children like to eat ice-cream.which can cause toothache.

13. The lady is a famous writer. You met her at the party last night.

The lady whom you met…..is famous writer

14.. The child enjoyed the chocolates. Her mother bought them from France.

… The child enjoyed the chocolateswhich her mother..bought ….from france

15. Dr Oley is our family’s dentist. He is a popular dentist in the city.

 Dr oley who is popular….. is our family’s dentist

16.. They drank a lot of Coke. It is diet Coke.

 They drank a lot of Coke.which is diet Coke.



45



T’s and SS’activites

T reviews the

ways to review

the form



T gives examples



SS listen and ask

any questions they

don’t know

SS work

Individually



T monitors and

gives help



SS present the answer

on the board



17. The river is the Sai Gon River. It flows through Ho Chi Minh City.

The river which flows …. Is the Saigon

18. The girls are performing the play. They rehearsed it yesterday.

 The girls are performing the play.which They rehearsed yesterday

19. Their parents are anxious about their children. The children come back late

 Their parents are anxious about their children. Who..come…

20. The lecturer is my uncle. He gave an interesting talk on TV last night.

… The lecturer who gave ……………is my uncle.

21. The student kept talking about the project. It was done last week.

 The student kept talking about the project which was done last week

22. Mr Phong hasn’t come yet. He is supposed to be at the meeting.

 Mr Phong who is …….. hasn’t

23. Lan went back home. She forgot to turn off the faucet vòi nước .

 Lan who forgot to turn off the faucet



10’



/ Fill in the blanks with Relative pronouns or Relative adverbs where

necessary:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.



It is easy to find faults in people …whom………. we dislike.

Is there anyone …who……… can help me do this?

Mr.Brown, …who……… is only 34, is the director of this company.

I like the picture which.. is hung on the wall so much.

The teacher with whom…….. we studied last year no longer teaches in our

school.

6. We saw many soldiers and tanks …that were moving to the front.

7. Mr David whose. son is a famous actor is a director.

8. Let me see the letter which you have written.

9. He is the best person that I’ve ever met.

10We shouldn’t use this car whose engine . is not good



Exercise 3: Choose the best answer.



20’



1.The woman _________lives next door to us is a doctor.

a. that

b. whom

c. who

d. a and c is correct

2.Mr. Green is the man _________ I was talking about.

a. whom

b. who

c. which

d. whose

3.Paul O’Grady, ____________died a few years ago, was a kind and loving man.

a. whom

b. that

c. who

d. which

4.Bogota, ____________is the capital city of Columbia, is a cosmopolitan city.

a. who

b. that

c. which

d. where

5.I enjoy talking to the people ____________ I had dinner with last night.

a. who

b. whom

c. whose

d. when

6.Sally lost her job, ____________wasn’t surprise.

a. which

b. who

c. whom

d. that



7.The letter……….our sister is reading is from London.

a. who



b. that



c. which



d. b & c are correct



8.He gives me the tickets………….he bought yesterday.

a. Which



b. where



c. when



d. why



9.Do you know the music………....is being played on the radio?

a. that



b. why



c. where



d. who



10.This is the man, ………I met in Paris.

a. that



b. who



c. whom



d. which



11The man……….was driving the car was badly injured.

a. which



b. whom



d. who



c. whose



46



T checks and gives

feeback



SS work

Individually

T monitors and

gives help

SS present the answer

on the board



T checks and gives

feeback



12.He’s a person……….wanted to buy your house.

a. whom



b. who



c. that



d. b& c are correct



13.That’s the woman,………I was telling you about.

a. who



b. that



c. whom



d. b & c are correct



14.Mr. Nam,……… is coming here, is my English teacher.

a. Whom



b. who



c. that



d. b & c are correct



15.Thank you for the gift………you sent to me.

a. who



b. whom



c. which



d. whose



16.The lady…………has gone to Paris was here yesterday.

a. whose

b. who c. whom

d. which

17. Thank you very much for the present .......... you sent me.

A. who

B. which

C. that

D. B & C

218 She was dancing with a student ................. is very handsome.

A. which

B. whom

C. who

D. whose

19.. My car, ............. my father has just bought is very expensive.

was driving didn’t know the way to the hotel.

A. whom B. who

C. which

D. whose

I. Circle one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for

the sentence to be correct.



15’



1. The waiter whom served us yesterday was polite and friendly.

A

B

C

D

2. This class is only for people who’s first language is not Chinese.

A

B

C

D

3. The man with who I spoke in the meeting used to work here.

A

B

C

D

4. He is moving to Lang Son city, that is in the north – east of Viet Nam.

A

B

C

D

5. She asked me if I knew whom had got the job.

A

B

C

D

6. It was a kind of machine with that we were not familiar.

A

B

C

D

7. The song to that we listened last night was beautiful.

A

B

C

D

8. Marie Curie, that discovered radium, was a French physicist.

A

B

C

D

9.. On the way home, we saw a lot of men, women, and dogs which were playing in the

park.

A

B C

D

10.. The man whom remained in the office was the manager.

A

B

C

D

11. This novel, which written by a well known writer, should be read.

A

B

C

D

12.. My friend George, that arrived late, was not permitted to enter the class.

A

B

C

D

13. Chemistry is one branch of science on that most of the industries depend.

A

B

C

D

14. 1975 is the year in when the revolution took place.

A

B

C

D

15. The hotel where we stay in last year was excellent.

A

B

C

D



47



SS work

Individually

T monitors and

gives help

SS present the answer

on the board



T checks and gives

feeback



16. At last they found the woman and her cat which were badly injured by the fire.

A

B

C

D



20’



25’



I/ Combine each pair of sentences, using relative pronouns or relative adverbs:

1. Is this the style of hair? Your wife wants to have it.

-> Is this the style of hair which Your wife wants to have?

2. I don’t know the girl’s name. She has just gone into the hall.

-> . I don’t know the girl’s name who has just gone into the hall.

3. Hoan Kiem lake is a historical place. Its water is always blue.

-> Hoan Kiem lake whose water is always blue……

4. Do you know the music? It is being played on the radio.

-> Do you know the music which is being played on the radio.?

5. That car belongs to Mr.David. Its engine is very good.

-> That car whose engine is very good. belongs to Mr.David

6. The woman lives next door to me. You gave place to her on the bus.

-> . The woman whom You gave place to on the bus lives….

7. Do you see my pen? I’ve just written the lesson with it.

-> Do you see my pen which I’ve just written the lesson with ?.



SS work

Individually

T monitors and

gives help

SS present the answer

on the board



Combine the two sentences by using a relative clause. Some of them need a comma.



1.



We flew to New York by the Concorde. It is the fastest passenger plane in the world.

 We flew to New York by the Concorde.,which is the fastest passengerane in the world

Smallpox has disappeared. It once killed thousand of people every year.

 Smallpox, which once killed………. Thound of people every



T checks and gives

feeback



2.



I passed him a large glass of whisky. He drank it immediately.

 I passed him a large glass of whiskywhich He drank immediately.



3.



The small man was Lisa's husband. Nobody recognised him.

 The small man was Lisa's husband,whom Nobody recognised .



SS work

Individually



4.



This is Mr. Jones. He writes poetry.

 This is Mr. Jones ,who writes poetry



5.



This is Felicity. You met her sister last week.

 This is Felicity ,whose sister you met



6.

7.

8.



T monitors and

gives help



He swam across the English Channel. It is hard to believe that.

 He swam across the English Channel.,which is hard to believe that.



Her wife died last year. Her name was Angela.

 Her wife, whose name was…, died last year



SS present the answer

on the board



9.



Borges was a wonderful writer. He never won the Nobel Prize.

 Borges,.never won…… the , was a wonderful



10. A man from our village was on TV last night. I teach his children.

 A man from our village ,whose children , on the T>VI teach



11. Charlie Chaplin died in 1977. His films amused millions.

 Charlie Chaplin , whose films…………, died ín 1977



12. My parents send their best wishes. You met them last month.

My parents ,whom you met last month, send their best wish.



Home work learn by hear the vocabulary, the form to use relative form



RELATIVE CLAUSES



Complete the sentences, using a relative pronoun.

1. The girl chatted with him yesterday. She arrived here at 6:30.

…………………

48



T checks and gives

feeback



2. The man is talking to my father.He spent 15 minutes measuring our kitchen

………………………………………………….…

3. The architect designed these flats. He has moved to HCM City.

……………………………

4. The young man lives in the corner. He rides an expensive motorbike.

…………………………

5. I’m reading the book. I bought it in 1996.

……………………………

6. I will introduce the man to you. He is sharing the flat with me.

……………………………

7. The young man is talking to our teacher. He is Ba’s brother.

…………………………

8. We visited the monument. It was built a hundred years ago.

……………………………

9. The boys are interested in football. It is a popular game all over the world.

…………………………

10. The boy gave his parents big hugs before he left. He went abroad to study.

…………………………

11. My friends had so much fun at the festival. They wanted to go there again.

…………………………………

12. Children like to eat ice-cream. It can cause toothache.

…………………………

13. The lady is a famous writer. You met her at the party last night.

…………………………

14.. The child enjoyed the chocolates. Her mother bought them from France.

…………………

15. Dr Oley is our family’s dentist. He is a popular dentist in the city.

……………………………

16.. They drank a lot of Coke. It is diet Coke.

……………………………………..

17.. The river is the Sai Gon River. It flows through Ho Chi Minh City.

…………………………………

18. The girls are performing the play. They rehearsed it yesterday.

………………………………

19. Their parents are anxious about their children. The children come back late

……………………………

20. The lecturer is my uncle. He gave an interesting talk on TV last night.

…………………………

21. The student kept talking about the project. It was done last week.

49



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