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Part 3: Supply the correct form of the words in brackets. [10 points]

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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



Facial (2)_____ and tone of voice are obvious ways of showing our (3)_____ to

something, and it may well be that we unconsciously utter views that we are trying to

hide. The art of being tactful lies in (4)_____ these signals, realizing what the other

person is trying to say, and acting so that they are not embarrassed in any way. For

example, we may understand that they are above all reluctant to answer our question,

and so we stop pressing them. Body movements in general may also (5)_____

feelings, and interviewers often pay particular attention to the way a candidate for a

job walks into the room and sits down. However, it is not difficult to present the right

kind of appearance, while what many employers want to know relates to the

candidate’s character mannerisms, and psychological stability. This raises the

(6)_____ questions of whether job candidates should be asked to complete

psychological tests, and the further problem of whether such tests actually produce

(7)_____ results. For many people, being asked to take part in such a test would be

objectionable (8)_____ into their private lives. Quite (9)_____ from this problem, can

such tests predict whether a person is likely to be a (10)_____ employee or a valued

colleague?

1.



A. estimate



2.

A. looks

3.

A. view

4.

A. taking down

5.

A. display

6.

A. awkward

7.

A. faithful

8.

A. invasion

9.

A. different

10.

A. pedantic

conscientious



B. rely



C. reckon



D. trust



B. expression

C. image

D. manner

B. feeling

C. notion

D. reaction

B. putting across C. picking up

D. going over

B. indicate

C. imply

D. infer

B. risky

C. unpleasant

D. touchy

B. regular

C. reliable

D. predictable

B. intrusion

C. infringement D. interference

B. apart

C. away

D. except

B. particular

C. laborious

D.



Part 4: Read the passage and circle the best answer (A, B, C, or D) to each

question. [8 points]

In most discussions of cultural diversity, attention has focused on visible, explicit

aspects of culture, such as language, dress, food, religion, music , and social rituals.

Although they are important, these visible expressions of culture, which are taught

deliberately and learned consciously, are only the tip of the iceberg of culture. Much of

culture is taught and learned implicitly, or outside awareness. Thus, neither cultural

insiders nor cultural outsiders are aware that certain "invisible” aspects of their culture

exist.

Invisible elements of culture are important to us. For example, how long we can be

late before being impolite, what topics we should avoid in a conversation, how we show

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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



interest or attention through listening behavior, what we consider beautiful or ugly.

These are all aspects of culture that we learn and use without being aware of it. When we

meet other people whose invisible cultural assumptions differ from those we have

learned implicitly, we usually do not recognize their behavior as cultural in origin.

Differences in invisible culture can cause problems in cross-cultural relations.

Conflicts may arise when we are unable to recognize others’ behavioral differences as

cultural rather than personal. We tend to misinterpret other people’s behavior, blame

them, or judge their intentions or competence without realizing that we are experiencing

cultural rather than individual differences.

Formal organizations and institutions, such as schools, hospitals, workplaces,

governments, and the legal system are collection sites for invisible cultural differences. If

the differences were more visible, we might have less misunderstanding. For example, if

we met a man in a courthouse who was wearing exotic clothes, speaking a language

other than ours, and carrying food that looked strange, we would not assume that we

understood his thoughts and feelings or that he understood ours. Yet when such a man is

dressed similarly to us, speaks our language, and does not differ from us in other obvious

ways, we may fail to recognize the invisible cultural differences between us. As a result,

mutual misunderstanding may arise.

1. What is the main purpose of the passage?

A. To explain the importance of invisible aspects of culture.

B. To describe cultural diversity.

C. To point out that much of culture is learned consciously.

D. To explain why cross-cultural conflict occurs.

2. The word “deliberately” in bold in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ________.

A. slowly

C. intentionally



B. accurately

D. randomly



3. The phrase “the tip of the iceberg” in bold in paragraph 1 means that ________.

A. other cultures seem cold to us

B. visible aspects of culture are learned in formal institutions

C. we usually focus on the highest forms of culture

D. most aspects of culture cannot be seen

4. Which of the following was NOT mentioned as an example of invisible culture?

A. What topics to avoid in conversation

B. What food to eat in a courthouse

C. How late is considered impolite

D. How people express interest in what others are saying

5. The word “those” in bold in paragraph 2 refers to ________.

A. people from a different culture

B. invisible cultural assumptions

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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



C. people who speak a different language

D. topics that should be avoided

6. It can be inferred from paragraph 3 that conflict results when ________.

A. people think cultural differences are personal

B. people compete with those from other cultures

C. one culture is more invisible than another culture

D. some people recognize more cultural differences than others

7. The author implies that institutions such as schools and workplaces ________.

A. are aware of cultural differences

B. teach their employees about cultural differences

C. reinforce invisible cultural differences

D. share a common culture

8. Which of the following would most likely result in misunderstanding?

A. Learning about our own culture in school

B. Unusual food being cooked by foreign visitors

C. Strange behavior from someone speaking a foreign language

D. Strange behavior from someone speaking our language

E. WRITING

I. Rewrite each sentence, beginning as shown or using the words in bracket, so that the

meaning stays the same. [10 points]

1. Collecting dolls from foreign countries is one of Jane’s interests.

Jane is

……………………………………………………………………………………………



2. My boss works better when he’s pressed for time.

The less time

………………………………………………………………………………………

3. Shirley didn’t begin to read until she was eight.

It wasn’t

……………………………………………………………………………………….…

4. She discovered eight new comets in the course of her work.

Her work resulted

………………………………………………………………………………… .

5. We left quietly, so that we wouldn’t disturb the children.

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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



So as

……………………………………………………………………………………………

6. When I picked up my pen, I found that the nib had broken.

-> On

…………………………………………………………………………………………… .

6. Sheila has decided to take driving lessons. (HOW)

Sheila has decided

………………………………………………………………………… drive.

7. If I take the job, I’ll have to move to London.( MEAN)

Taking the job

…………………………………………………………………………… London.

8. Without your help, I would have given up years ago. (HADN’T)

If it ……………………………………………… your help, I would have given up

years ago.

9. In her previous job, Maria was a picture restorer. (WORK AS)

-> Maria used ……………………………………………………………….. .

10. She is a far more serious student now than she used to be. (STUDIES)

-> She ………………………………………………………………………………………used to.

11. Which of the two books would you prefer? (RATHER)

-> Which …………………………………………………………………………….?

12. Even if we don’t like the idea, we’ll have to go with him. (WHETHER)

->

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…….. .

II. Essay (10 pts): “Should smoking be banned in public places?”. Write a passage (150

– 200 words) giving your views. You can use the outline below:

Introduction: Set out the problem in general and state why it is controversial.

Body: Give your opinion, and reasons for it.

Give the other side of the argument and the reasons why it is false.

Conclusion: strongly restate the problem and your opinion.

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………..



KEYS TO ĐỀ LUYỆN HSG – 2010 – 2011

Practice 8 - 180 minutes

A. Listening (15 pts)

I. Listen to the recording and write the missing words: (lifelines- Intermediate –

track 1, 2 – CD1)

1. Marie Gregg and Jack Roberts are the (1)………….. on the expedition from London

to South (2)……….. .

2. Lulu McNulty , a fashion designer, is on the trip because her (3)….............. told her

about the (4)……….. .

3. Paola Rossi is an (5)…………. in a big (6)………… company. Paola likes (7)

……………… but she likes a bit of …(8)…………. .

4. Istvan is a student. He is studying (9)…………………… at the University of

Budapest. He is on the trip because he wants to do something (10)……………………….

.

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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



Your answers:

1. guides… .

2. …Africa…………

3. …father…….

place……………

5. ………accountant



4. ……



6. …chemical.

psychology……



9. ………



7. travelling…

10. ………unusual…



8. …adventure……



II. Listen to the conversation and answer the questions:

1. What does Colin do?



……He is a computer programmer…



2. What does Colin say about his job? He says it’s isn’t the most intersting job in the

world, but it’s quite well- paid.

3. What is Sandra doing at Manchester university? She’s doing an MA in management...

4. Does Colin live in Oxford?



No, he doesn’t.



5. Why does Sandra like cycling?



Because it keeps her fit.



B. Phonetics: Pick out the word whose stress pattern is different from that of the

others in each group.(5 pts)

1. A. obvious

2. A. situation

3. A. install

4. A. marvelous

4. A. informality



B. impolite



C. compliment



D. maximum



B. conversation C. equivalent

D. regulation

B. attract

C. approach

D. kidding

B. badminton

C. absolute

D. regretful

B. communication

C. environmental

D. dissatisfaction



II. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR (15points)

Part 1: Circle the word or phrase (A, B, C or D) which best completes each

sentence. [15 points]

1. _________ she’s got a job that she likes, she’s a lot happier.

A. Since when



B. Just as



C. Now that



D. Just now



2. The ……………. woman who is playing the violin is very talented.

A. red hair B. red-headed



C. red haired



D. red head



3. I’m _________ aware of the need to obey the rules of the competition.

A. well



B. far



C. much



D. greatly



4. _________ goes the bus; now we will have to walk!

A. On time



B. At once



C. There



D. Early



5. It was impossible for her to tell the truth so she had to _________ a story.

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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



A. invent



B. combine



C. manage



D. lie



6. Dave and I have _________ to meet at the bus station at 9 o’clock.

A. confirmed



B. combined



C. appointed



D. arranged



7. A film directed by Steven Spielberg is likely ………………… success.

A. being a financial

financial



B. to be financially a



C. to be financiallyD. to be a



8. “Shall I collect the tickets for you?” – “ ………………………. .”

A. I think you shall



B. In my opinion, you are good



C. That would be a real help



D. No, I don’t have tickets.



9. Having considered the problem for a while, she thought better _________ her first

solution.

A. to



B. than



C. from



D. of



10. “We’ve got time for a coffee, haven’t we?

A. Why not?B. A quick one may be C. I’d prefer tea



D. I’ll have tea, please.



11. It turned out that we _________ rushed to the airport as the plane was delayed by

several hours.

A. hadn’t



B. should have



C. mustn’t have



D. needn’t have



C. catch



D. hold



12. Never _________ a gift horse in the mouth.

A. feel



B. look



13. “Would you like a salad?” – “ ………………….. .”

A. Yes, make yourself at home B. May I take your order?

C. Italian, please

D. It’s great!

14. “Let me drive you home.” – “ …………………. .”

A. No problem B. It’s not me C. No, don’t worry. I’m all right. D. No, I usually

drive home at five.

15. “…………………….”. – “ She’s the tall one in jeans.”

A. Is she very tall? B. How is she?



C. What is she?



D. Which one is she?



Part 2: In each of the following sentences, four words or phrases have been

underlined. Circle the one word or phrase (A, B, C, or D) that would not be

appropriate. [5 points]



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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



who has ever tried to pick up spilled mercury will agree that this element is

8. Someone

A

C

B



hard to handle

.

D

with

9. Some of the land in that region is so Awet and hot and covered

jungle that

B

a few people

live there

D .

C

in a few years twelve percents

,

of Canadians

will be

C

A

B



13. It has been estimated that

senior citizens

.

D



you

such

14. If one had thought about the alternatives, A would not have chosen

C a

B



difficult topic for a



term paper

.

D



15. It is essential that cancer



is diagnosed

as early as

and

treated

possible in order

A

B



to assure

cure

a successful

.

C

D



Part 3: Supply the correct form of the words in brackets. [10 points]

1. I had only a day to visit all the tourist ___________. (ATTRACT)-> attractions

2. The more ___________ an event is, the better it will be remembered. (SIGNIFY)->

significant

3. He didn’t pay the bill and now the electricity has been ___________. (CONNECT)-.

disconnected

4. What a terrible film. It’s really ___________ in my views. (RATE) ->irrational

5. There’s ___________ dissatisfaction with the government’s policies. (WIDE)->

widespread

6. They all cheered ___________ as their team came out. (ENTHUSIASM)->

enthusiastically

7. From my ___________, this would not be a very profitable venture. (STAND) ->

understanding

8. He’s so ___________! He just can’t make up his mind! (DECIDE) -> indecisive

9. Are all those ___________ they put in food really necessary? (ADD)-> additives

10. I apologize for the delay in sending your order but we are ……………at present.

(STAFF)-> understaffed



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III. READING:

Part 1: Use the words in the box to fill in the blanks. [10 points]

3. settlement 9. standard

7. factors

5. invasions

4. empire

10. extent

8. directly

2. prospering

1.civilization 6.

age



Rome and the Roman had a huge impact on Western (1) ____________. Rome had

been (2) ____________ over many centuries, turning from a small (3) ____________

into a large (4) ____________. It had developed because of its large armies, great

rulers, and excellent engineers. It managed to withstand (5) ____________ from a

number of other empires, such as Persia and the Carthaginians. Rome continued to

develop over the centuries, reaching its greatest (6) ____________ in the third century

AD. The two (7) ____________ commonly attributed to the decline of the Roman

empire are Christianity and the military, though some believe these are not (8)

____________ responsible, but played a secondary role in the empire’s collapse. Other

historians believe that a decline in the (9) ____________ of living, as well as a decline

in morals, caused the eventual collapse of the empire. Whatever the reason, the (10)

____________ of the Roman empire was one of the greatest in human history and is

responsible for guiding the way people think , even to this day.

Part 2: Read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, C, or D) best fits each

space. Circle the letter. [10 points]

Interpreting the feelings of other people is not always easy, as we all know, and we

(1)_____ as much on what they seem to be telling us, as on the actual words they say.

Facial (2)_____ and tone of voice are obvious ways of showing our (3)_____ to

something, and it may well be that we unconsciously utter views that we are trying to

hide. The art of being tactful lies in (4)_____ these signals, realizing what the other

person is trying to say, and acting so that they are not embarrassed in any way. For

example, we may understand that they are above all reluctant to answer our question,

and so we stop pressing them. Body movements in general may also (5)_____

feelings, and interviewers often pay particular attention to the way a candidate for a

job walks into the room and sits down. However, it is not difficult to present the right

kind of appearance, while what many employers want to know relates to the

candidate’s character mannerisms, and psychological stability. This raises the

(6)_____ questions of whether job candidates should be asked to complete

psychological tests, and the further problem of whether such tests actually produce

(7)_____ results. For many people, being asked to take part in such a test would be

objectionable (8)_____ into their private lives. Quite (9)_____ from this problem, can

such tests predict whether a person is likely to be a (10)_____ employee or a valued

colleague?

1.



A. estimate



B. rely



2.

3.



A. looks

A. view



B. expression

B. feeling



C. reckon

C. image

C. notion



D. trust

D. manner

D. reaction

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BỘ SƯU TẬP ĐỀ ÔN LUYỆN HSG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12



4.

A. taking down

B. putting across C. picking up

D. going over

5.

A. display

B. indicate

C. imply

D. infer

6.

A. awkward

B. risky

C. unpleasant

D. touchy

7.

A. faithful

B. regular

C. reliable

D. predictable

8.

A. invasion (of) B. intrusion

C. infringement (su pha vo luat)D.

interference (in)

9.

A. different

B. apart

C. away

D. except

10.

A. pedantic( too worried about small details or rules )

B. particular

C. laborious

D. conscientious (taking care to do things carefully and

correctly)

Part 3: Read the passage and circle the best answer (A, B, C, or D) to each

question. [8 points]

In most discussions of cultural diversity, attention has focused on visible, explicit

aspects of culture, such as language, dress, food, religion, music , and social rituals.

Although they are important, these visible expressions of culture, which are taught

deliberately and learned consciously, are only the tip of the iceberg of culture. Much of

culture is taught and learned implicitly, or outside awareness. Thus, neither cultural

insiders nor cultural outsiders are aware that certain "invisible” aspects of their culture

exist.

Invisible elements of culture are important to us. For example, how long we can be

late before being impolite, what topics we should avoid in a conversation, how we show

interest or attention through listening behavior, what we consider beautiful or ugly.

These are all aspects of culture that we learn and use without being aware of it. When we

meet other people whose invisible cultural assumptions differ from those we have

learned implicitly, we usually do not recognize their behavior as cultural in origin.

Differences in invisible culture can cause problems in cross-cultural relations.

Conflicts may arise when we are unable to recognize others’ behavioral differences as

cultural rather than personal. We tend to misinterpret other people’s behavior, blame

them, or judge their intentions or competence without realizing that we are experiencing

cultural rather than individual differences.

Formal organizations and institutions, such as schools, hospitals, workplaces,

governments, and the legal system are collection sites for invisible cultural differences. If

the differences were more visible, we might have less misunderstanding. For example, if

we met a man in a courthouse who was wearing exotic clothes, speaking a language

other than ours, and carrying food that looked strange, we would not assume that we

understood his thoughts and feelings or that he understood ours. Yet when such a man is

dressed similarly to us, speaks our language, and does not differ from us in other obvious

ways, we may fail to recognize the invisible cultural differences between us. As a result,

mutual misunderstanding may arise.

1. What is the main purpose of the passage?

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